Use the past simple to talk about things that start and finish at a particular time in the past:
I started here in 2009. From 2012 to 2014 I studied at Heriot Watt University.
Form: +ed for regular forms, watch out for many irregular forms We talked about the business and thought about some new ideas.
Negatives and questions: Use the auxiliary ‘did’ for questions and negatives. We didn’t like living there. Did you ask for a discount?
Use the present perfect to talk about things that start in the past but include the present: I have worked with Peter since 2008 (he still works with Peter—lucky Peter).
Use the present perfect to talk about things that happened in the past but without any specific time information: I have visited York twice.
Form: Use ‘has / have’ + a past participle. We have seen our friends twice this year. Negatives and questions:
Reverse the verb / subject order for questions. Have you been to Spain? Use ‘hasn’t / haven’t, has not / have not’ for negatives. He hasn’t been to Spain yet.
Bill Smith: Employment record: 2009—sales analyst 2011—senior sales analyst 2012—2014—part-time business studies module at HW university 2014—Received diploma in management practice 2015—sales manager
· is this a finished period of time? · does this start in the past and include the present? · is this a general statement about the past with no time references?
Choose the right verb form:
Bill started / has started working here in 2009 He was promoted / has been promoted in 2011 He was / has been promoted twice in his time at our company He studied / has studied at HW university He studied / has studied at HW university from 2012 to 2014 He qualified / has qualified in 2014 He was / has been a sales manager since 2015 He was / has been a sales analyst, senior sales analyst and sales manager
Highlight for solutions:
Bill started working here in 2009 He was promoted promoted in 2011 He has been promoted twice in his time at our company He has studied at HW university. N.B. (if there is some time context in the discussion, i.e. you know that Bill left university a long time ago, you could use the past simple here). He studied at HW university from 2012 to 2014 He qualified in 2014 He has been a sales manager since 2015 He has been a sales analyst, senior sales analyst and sales manager
What about your career?
When did you start working with your present company? How long have you worked there? Where did you work before? What were your responsibilities? What have you done in your career? How have your work responsibilities changed over the years?