7 September 2017 A government discussion paper, leaked to the Guardian newspaper, says that after Brexit companies would need to prove an ‘economic need’ before they could hire EU workers. Firms that are dependent on EU workers have warned of a catastrophic impact from these proposals. Other business groups have warned of "massive disruption". The National Farmers' Union’s deputy president Minette Batters said: "We are calling for an urgent and clear commitment from government to ensure that farmers and growers have access to sufficient numbers of permanent and seasonal workers post-Brexit. "And we need clarity on the new rules for EU nationals living and working in the UK well before free movement ends in March 2019." Political response The leaked Home Office document is not government policy yet. The government is due to outline its immigration plans later this year. However, Defence Secretary Michael Fallon said, "The public voted to leave the European Union. That means freedom of movement has to end." He said that the right skills would still be welcome, but continued, "…we have to make sure that British companies are also prepared to train up British workers”. Theresa May told MPs at Prime Minister’s Questions in parliament that immigration had to be cut to ease the strain on public services. She said, it "often hits those at the lower end of the income scale hardest in depressing their wages". There has been no official EU response to the document, but the Times reports that the EU would respond by blocking access to the single market if freedom of movement is stopped. Business requirements The British Hospitality Association is warning that it would take 10 years to train enough UK workers to replace EU workers in hotels and catering. It also warns that some businesses would not survive. The organisation’s figures claim that 75% of waiters, 25% of chefs and 37% of housekeepers in the UK are EU nationals. The BHA said, "If these proposals are implemented it could be catastrophic for the UK hospitality industry and for those who enjoy the hospitality it brings." Ian Wright, director general of the Food and Drink Federation, said: "If this does represent the government's thinking it shows a deep lack of understanding of the vital contribution that EU migrant workers make - at all skill levels - across the food chain." Britain’s manufacturers have given a more guarded response. A spokesman for EEF, who claim to represent British manufacturing, said, "On the highly skilled side, the system described is one we can work with, after some changes," however the group has ‘grave concerns’ about low-skilled workers. The spokesperson continued, "… many UK manufacturers telling us that they simply don't get jobs applications from prospective UK workers". The Home Office document obtained by the Guardian, entitled the Border, Immigration and Citizenship System After the UK Leaves the EU, is marked extremely sensitive and dated August 2017. Among the ideas in the paper are:
An upper limit on the number of unskilled workers from the EU
A salary and skills threshold
Preventing EU migrants from job-seeking in the UK
Ending the right to settle in Britain for most European migrants
Placing new restrictions on EU citizens’ rights to bring in family members
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to leak (a paper or document) – to publish unofficially or without permission sufficient – enough freedom of movement – an EU policy allowing people to work in different countries to depress (wages) – to keep values low a strain – pressure that makes it difficult for a system to work to implement a proposal – to make it happen vital – very important a guarded response – a careful, balanced answer grave concerns – very serious worries
Who leaks documents in your country? Why are documents leaked? What do you think, will the UK be able to operate without labour from the EU? Can your country operate without labour from outside the country?
In the first paragraph, which words tell us that this is not decided on yet? Which conditional form is used in the extract below?
'If this does represent the government's thinking it shows a deep lack of understanding of the vital contribution that EU migrant workers make'
Highlight text for solutions: Would and could The zero conditional. If + present simple, followed by the present simple. This is 100% true (in the speaker’s opinion)